Mode Limitations Most Appropriate Uses
Walking Requires physical ability. Limited distance and carrying capacity. Difficult or unsafe in some areas. Short trips by physically able people.
Bicycle Requires bicycle and physical ability. Limited distance and carrying capacity. Short to medium length trips by physically able people on suitable routes.
Taxi Relatively high cost per mile. Infrequent trips, short and medium distance trips.
Fixed Route Transit Destinations and times limited. Short to medium distance trips along busy corridors.
Paratransit High cost and limited service. Travel for disabled people.
Auto driver Requires driving ability and automobile. High fixed costs. Travel by people who can drive and afford an automobile.
Ridesharing Requires cooperative automobile driver. Consumes driver’s time for deviations. Trips that the driver would take anyway (commuting).
Vehicle Rentals Requires convenient and affordable vehicle rentals services. Occasional use by drivers who do not own an automobile.
Motorcycle Requires riding ability and motorcycle. High fixed costs. Travel by people who can ride and afford a motorcycle.
Telecommuting Requires IT equipment and skill. Alternative to some types of trips.
Source: adapted from Transportation Demand Management Encyclopedia, Victoria Transport Policy Institute.
Suitability of Travel Modes
Each mode is suitable for certain purposes. The concept of suitability varies depending upon the concerned distance, the level of density and available income.