Environmental Management System for Port and Maritime Transport
A model of environmental management systems (EMS) should be flexible and be adapted to suit the needs of a particular industry. An EMS developed for port and maritime transport should focus on issues such as water quality, air quality, waste management, habitat conservation, noise, dredging, contaminated soils, anti-fouling paints and energy consumption. For all these issues, compliances with legislation affecting shipping and port operations should be considered. An environmental management system implies interdependence and information flows. This is not to say that it is not possible to implement sustainable development through piece-meal approach, but it is preferable to recognize the complementarities and dynamic feedback of the various dimensions composing the model. A key feature of environmental management consists in maintaining a balance between the environmental, legislative and commercial dimensions. Evaluating the trade-off is one of the main challenges facing decision makers.