Additional Costs in a Simple Pendulum Pattern
Every port of call involves additional costs linked with the usage of terminal facilities. In the operational costs it is assumed that the fixed cost components include expenses only at two port calls on each side of the route. The assumption is that these additional costs are the same for all ports and equal 100,000. Every port along the voyage, starting from the third, will add this 100,000 to the total costs. This will add 8 x 100,000 to the previously calculated 16,100,000, totaling 24,100,000.