Procedural security measures Introduction and removal of goods in the supply chain (recorded and verifiable).
Requirements insure security along the transport chain (monitoring and inspections).
Physical security measures Facilities (terminals, distribution centers) and conveyances (modes) used for security.
Secure premises.
Identification for access.
Employee security measures People dealing with the supply chain subject to screening and background checks.
Information systems security measures Protection of the information integrity.
Tiers for information access.
Secure transactions.
Source: adapted from M. van de Voort and A. Rahman (2004) "Securing Global Supply Chains", Port Technology International, 24th Edition, pp. 67-70.
Supply Chain Security Measures
Implementing security measures within supply chains requires de following considerations:
  • Procedural security measures. Insuring that the introduction and removal of cargo from the supply are recorded and can be verified. It also includes the various measures along the supply chain to insure and maintain security, such as cargo monitoring and inspections.
  • Physical security measures. Insuring that the infrastructures, namely the modes and terminals, are secure in terms of access.
  • Employee security measures. Insuring that the personnel involved in supply chains, from management to cargo handling, have been screened and been subjected, depending on the sensitivity of the concerned supply chains, to background checks.
  • Information systems security measures. Since the data involved in the management of supply chain has a commercial value, it is important that the information and telecommunication systems are secure. Additionally, a tier access structure to the information must be established based upon which information is relevant to whom.