Coordination and Implementation of National Logistics Policies:
Improving Last Mile Logistics
There are several tools behind the setting of national
logistics policies. Improving last mile logistics with city logistics
strategies is an often neglected element of a national logistics policy.
Many final deliveries are taking place in congested context with
difficulties to access the final destination, including parking. The most common strategies
Rationalization of deliveries. Change the
conditions in which urban deliveries are taking place, such as the
time of day (to avoid peak hours and even during the night) and
access to on-street parking. This improves the use of existing
transport assets in highly congested areas. Building routes and
delivery schedules so that there is a better match of pickups and
deliveries. However, rationalizing urban deliveries comes with
additional delivery costs and delays.
Urban freight facilities. Facilities adapted to
urban freight distribution and where consolidation, sorting and
deconsolidation activities are performed in high density urban
areas, close to the points of final delivery. In addition of
improving the efficiency (time and energy consumption) of urban
deliveries the supports as well the development of ecommerce that
leans of home deliveries. This strategy also comes with additional
delivery costs and delays.
Modal adaptation. The use vehicles more suited for
urban deliveries, such as smaller vans and even cargo bicycles. The
higher the density, the smaller the load unity, but the greater the
frequency. This can also involve the conversion to alternative
sources of energy such as compressed natural gas or electric
vehicles to reduces congestion, pollution and energy consumption as
well as reducing disruptions (such as noise) on local communities.
This strategy also involves additional delivery costs and delays.