Coordination and Implementation of National Logistics Policies:
Developing Logistics Capabilities
There are several tools behind the setting of national
logistics policies. Developing human resources in logistics by expanding
labor and logistical services skills is of high importance to support
national capabilities. The most common strategies
Labor training and certification. A common concern
in the logistics industry is a lack of labor, both in numbers and
qualifications. The goal is to promote logistics as a career path
and expand capabilities of the labor through various technical
training schemes responding to the needs of the industry. This labor
pool should address the expected demand and qualifications that are
recognized by the industry, particularly at the international level.
The improvement in labor productivity and skills is expected to
provide incentives in attracting logistics firms. As always in the
labor market, the risk is not being able to provide the required
labor, particularly in terms of capabilities.
Research centers. The creation of research
capabilities to address supply chain challenges is an important
foundation for national logistics policies, particularly over the
long term. It helps identify trends, gaps and opportunities in the
sector and better inform the stakeholders. To do so, the
availability of a pool of researchers, consultants and managers
would be able to provide logistical innovations suitable for the
national market. This requires a level of collaboration with
logistics firms so that the research can both help improve the level
scientific knowledge, but as well be of practical use to the
industry. The risk usually involve politically biased research that
focus on issues of a limited number of stakeholders.
Logistics firms incubator. Focuses on the
development of small and medium-sized logistics firms taking
advantage of opportunities that the market is slow to provide.
This usually takes place by developing entrepreneurial capabilities, particularly for new firms,
including access to technologies and investment capital.
It is expected that the provision of specialized logistics services, such as
3PLs and 4PLs, will be expanded, which improves the competitiveness of the
national logistics market.
The risk would be a bias towards developing sectors
favored by policy as opposed to those with actual market potential.