Condition Factor Examples
Geography Distance, physiography, accessibility Shipping between France and England vs. shipping between France and the Netherlands
Type of product Packaging, weight, perishable Shipping coal
Shipping flowers or meat
Economies of scale Shipment size A B747 compared to B737 (passengers)
A Panamax Containership compared to a Post-Panamax Containership
Trade imbalance Empty travel Trade between China and the United States
Infrastructure Capacity, limitations, operational conditions The Interstate
Mode Capacity, limitations, operational conditions A bus compared to a car
Competition and regulation Tariffs, restrictions, safety, ownership The European Union, The Jones Act
Conditions Affecting Transport Costs