Source: adapted from R. Carruthers (2003) The Impacts of Motorization
and What Can Be Done to Mitigate Them, The World Bank.
Relationship between GDP and Motorization, Selected Asian Countries,
As societies are becoming wealthier they undertake a
motorization transition where the number of vehicles per capita
significantly increases. Looking at major Asian economies, including Japan, China,
South Korea and Singapore, at different points in time in from
1960 to 1990 underline such a transition with a clear exponential relationship
between GDP per capita and motorization. After the $2,000 per capita
threshold is crossed, the level of motor vehicle ownership, and the
expected mobility, increases significantly.