Urban dynamics try to evaluate the main components initiating or
being affected by changes in an urban area. Among the
impacting urban dynamics, transportation is of high significance.
It is often
expected that investments in transportation will have positive economic
consequences that may involve a feedback mechanism resulting in
additional future transport investments. Transport investments are expected
to improve the accessibility of passengers and freight, which in turn
will improve the overall performance of a regional economy. Even if
strong associations can be identified between transport improvements
and economic (and spatial) changes, stating causality is conceptually
inaccurate. New terminals, modes and infrastructures do not
necessarily result in economic growth, clustering, productivity
gains, employment and additional investments in related sectors. For this reason alone, understanding urban dynamics remains
a complex and uncertain task.