Mobility Gaps in Urban Areas
Many cities have two mobility spaces, one which is
transit-oriented and usually in central areas, and the other
which is car-oriented and in peripheral areas. Mobility gaps can
have important impacts on employment opportunities. A
mobility-constrained individual (without a car) has access to only
a limited number of jobs, which are within reach of public transit.
This commonly correspond to central urban areas that are better
serviced by transit. Still, central areas tend to have a large
labor market, but deconcentration and suburbanization has
resulted in higher employment growth in peripheral areas. A mobile
individual (with a car) has access to a wider
array of jobs and thus have more choice and opportunities. Consequently, accessibility
can be a factor of spatial opportunity as jobs may be available, but
not easily accessible to a segment of the population.