Planning Strategy Potential Impacts
Higher densities Concentration of the freight demand. Parking issues for deliveries.
Mixed land uses Complexity of deliveries. Potential conflicts with nearby land uses for freight activities (access, parking).
Promotion of public transit, walking and cycling Parking availability and curb access. Restriction for deliveries in neighborhoods due to the safety concerns. Increase in home deliveries.
Brownfield developments Conflicts with existing freight activities.
Impacts of Urban Planning Strategies on City Logistics
The urban planning discourse tends to promote strategies leaning on the development of an urban setting significantly different from the existing pattern, which is judged to be inefficient and unsustainable. In particular, low density, specialized, car dependent land use developments on greenfield sites are to be avoided. Urban developments are however part of a wider cluster of activities that includes freight distribution. Yet, freight distribution concerns are usually not part of the issues that are at the core of urban planning (such as smart growth strategies), which underlines gaps between what is advocated as desirable outcomes and the realities of city logistics. For instance, higher densities are usually advocated a desirable, but from a freight distribution perspective, they are linked with a concentration with the freight demand and parking difficulties for deliveries. The promotion of public transit, walking and cycling is seen as eminently positive, but must also consider that it could lead to parking difficulties, conflicts for curb access and even an increase in home deliveries because of ecommerce.