Economic Wave Phase Organizational Form Political Representation
Agricultural (First Wave) Hierarchy/Heredity Feudalism
Industrial (Second Wave) Bureaucratic/Vertical Democracy
Information (Third Wave) Networked/Horizontal Human Rights
Organizational Form of the Information Society
The difference between the Industrial and Information Age organization form is acute. It shifted from vertical (bureaucracy) to horizontal (networked) organizational structures. Characteristic of the networked organization is knowledge work based on teams, human networks, new types of jobs, communications, and collaboration. In terms of urban geography, the second organizational (bureaucratic) form requires offices where vertical control can be efficiently maintained. The third form (networked), requires less office space in central areas as long as the cohesion of the working unit is efficiently insured by a telecommunication system.