Source: adapted from Dablanc, L. and D. Rakotonarivo (2010) "The
impacts of logistic sprawl: how does the location of parcel
transport terminals affect the energy efficiency of goods' movements
in Paris and what can we do about it?", The Sixth International
Conference on City Logistics; Procedia- Social and Behavioral
Sciences 2(3): 6087-6096.
Location of LTL and Parcel Distribution Centers, Paris 1974-2010
Logistics sprawl concerns the relocation of freight facilities
and distribution centers in suburbia and is characteristic of the
majority of large urban agglomerations, particularly in advanced
economies. The above map reflects the process in the case of Paris
that has seen the disappearance and the relocation of a number of
freight activities in its central area towards the periphery. Since
economic activities and the population have not dispersed to a
similar extent to logistics facilities, the amount of vehicle-kms
for urban freight distribution has increased.