Source: adapted from Interface Transport (2002), CERTU, Study Report.
Characteristics of Urban Deliveries from a Sample of French
Urban morphology and density are important factors behind the
setting in which urban freight distribution systems operate. A
salient problem relates to parking availability for deliveries. A
sample of large French cities revealed a set of characteristics in
the delivery of freight in central areas. Considering the short
duration (a third taking less than 5 minutes) and the large
number of deliveries a driver has to undertake, parking locations
directly adjacent to the store are preferred, even if specifically
designed delivery areas may be available in proximity. This is
particularly the case if the size of the delivery involves several
trips between the vehicle and the store.
It is therefore not surprising to realize that two thirds of the
parking of delivery vehicles is done in infraction with municipal
regulations since deliveries take place at locations used by private
cars and public transit vehicles:
Providing additional delivery areas is problematic since
deliveries tend to occur at similar time periods.
- About 50% of all deliveries are made double-parked while
another 20% of parking infringements are either made on the
sidewalk, in restricted areas (bus stops, fire hydrants) or at
pedestrian crossings. Deliveries made by double parking are
particularly disruptive since they bloc a street lane in high
density areas, seriously impairing circulation. In high density
areas, even if curbside parking would be available at the moment
of the delivery, the driver may be reluctant to use it for the
fear of having his vehicle trapped afterwards by another double
- Only 12% of deliveries are made using an available sidewalk
parking space, implying that parking space availability at the
moment of the delivery is in short supply.
- Another 9% of deliveries takes place in pedestrian-only
streets where deliveries are permitted at certain time of the
day. The remaining deliveries are done in designated street
delivery areas (4%) or in private loading bays (3%).