Urban and City Logistics: Core Relations Between Freight and Urban Areas
Two relations are at the core of freight distribution and urban areas; urban logistics and city logistics:
  • Urban Logistics (Land use; freight and the city). Freight is an activity that consumes a substantial land as an input, particularly at the aggregate level (routes, modes and terminals). Since a city is at the same time a unit of production, consumption and distribution, terminal facilities, such as ports, airports, railyards and distribution centers are particularly large consumers of urban land. Rights of way such as roads, many of which are shared with passenger transportation, also consume a significant amount of land. The amount of land use devoted to freight varies in terms of the socioeconomic function of a city (e.g. a service or a manufacturing center) and its role in the global freight distribution system.
  • City Logistics (Transportation; freight in the city). The support of freight as an urban activity relies of distribution strategies, including modal choice, that insure an adequate level of service, so that providers of city logistics are able to meet the needs of their customers. City logistics is commonly known as a "last mile" distribution strategy to insure that the needs of the urban producer and consumer of freight (e.g. retail) are met.