Infrastructures High level of infrastructure, such as land, office space, utilities, logistics services, business services and other facilities.
Regulations Streamlined to improve efficiency, including custom services, labor regulation and permits.
Location A high accessibility location, often close to major terminal facilities such as a port or an airport. Location often different from conventional industry.
Export-oriented Activities operating within the zone produce mainly or exclusively for foreign markets.
Incentives Variety of incentives, including low cost land, infrastructures, tax and duty exemptions or various subsidies.
Source: adapted from Kusago, T and Tzannatos, Z. (1998) "Export processing zones: A review in need of an update", SP Discussion Paper No. 9802. The World Bank.
Characteristics of Export Processing Zones
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