||Long distance rail transportation for
suppliers and customers. Commonly involve a co-located
||Drayage and long distance truck services
for suppliers and customers. Shuttles to nearby rail and
|Loading / consolidation
||Packing, palletizing, stuffing of cargo
into containers or trailers. Cargo consolidation from
multiple suppliers. Mostly linked to exports.
|Unloading / deconsolidation
||Unpacking, de-palletizing, and de-stuffing
of cargo in distribution centers. Mostly linked to imports.
|Transloading / crossdocking
||Transfer from one cargo unit to another,
such as a maritime container into a domestic container (or
vice-versa). Crossdocking implies the transfer of
truckloads, including changes in the composition of loads of
each transport unit with minimal and short duration
||Standard function protecting the integrity
of cargo units (e.g. damage, theft) while waiting to be
released to customers.
||Cargo waiting to be released by customs. If
part of a free trade zone, cargo can be transformed for
|Container and chassis depot
||Empty container storage waiting to be used.
Transfer custody of containers between shippers.
Consolidation center for containers used by maritime and
rail terminals. Chassis pools.
|Container and chassis maintenance
||Container preparation and inspection before
usage. Container cleaning and repair. Chassis inspection and
repair. Important for the container and chassis location
||Maintenance of vehicles and intermodal
||Light manufacturing activities often
undertaken at the distribution center. Include labeling,
assembly, testing and quality control. Can also include the
bagging of bulk cargo. Provides added value.
||Activities maintaining the thermal
integrity of cargo. Includes temperature-controlled
warehousing but also preparation, transformation and
||“Green logistics” activities (reverse
distribution). Returns of
defective or discarded merchandises. Recycling of components
used in freight distribution, such as boxes.
||Provision and location of office space to
fill the management needs of logistics activities, such as
the activities below.
||Availability of custom officers to support
the custom clearance process. Services supporting compliance
to custom procedures for imports and exports.
||Site integrity (e.g. access). Important if
there is a free trade zone or custom activities.
||General activities related to cleaning and
garbage collection as well as technical maintenance such as
||Support the high transactional level of
|Certification and quality control
||Certifying and benchmarking agencies to
insure that users meet recognized criteria.
||Expert assessment in cargo losses and
damages. Specialized laboratories.
|Logistics equipment location
||Sale and location of logistical equipment,
such as racks, fork lifts, conveyors, etc. Maintenance of
|Container and chassis location
||Availability of maritime and domestic
containers for export and import activities. Availability of
||Activities promoting exports such as
certification, financing and marketing.
||Uniforms, work equipment (e.g. gloves),
wraps, labels, boxes, security equipment (fire
|Temporary workers agencies
||Supplying temporary workers to cope with
fluctuations in the demand.
||Sale and rental of office equipment and
||Sale and rental of computers,
telecommunication equipment and software. IT network setting
||Personnel management from recruiting to
payroll. Labor training and certification.
||Management of transactions and finances.
|Insurance and financial services
||Variety of insurance products for people
and merchandises. Activities facilitating commercial
transactions at the national and international levels (e.g.
letters of credit).
||Expertise for contract redaction and
commercial dispute resolution.
||Availability of hotel and meeting
facilities to support the transactional intensity of
logistics zones. Extended stay facilities. Overnight
facilities for truckers.
||Availability of restaurants for workers and
truckers. Lounges for short term relaxation and informal
||Array of services for workers (e.g.
convenience store, hair salon, sports club, daycare, clinic,
postal services, etc.)