Geographical Advantages
Land Availability (zoning). Lower acquisition (or renting) costs. Preferential taxation.
Accessibility Proximity to terminals and customers (for imports or exports). Lower distribution costs (distance). An important regional market. Site accessible 24/7.
Infrastructures Provision of basic utilities and roads. Leasing of warehousing space and equipment.
Anchor tenants Long term relationship with at least one major player in logistics (e.g. “Big Box” retailer).
Operational Advantages
Planning and regulations Fast track (construction and operation). Additional infrastructure (development phases). Compliance to safety, security and environmental regulations. Free trade zone status.
Economies of agglomeration Lower distribution costs (scale); shuttles to terminals. More FTL. Shared services (labor, transloading, telecommunications).
Internal multiplying effects Diffusion of best practices (management, information technologies, compliance). Labor training.
Advantages of Logistic Zones (Freight Distribution Clusters)
Logistic zones offer advantages related to their geography, particularly in terms of land availability and accessibility, and related to their operations, such as economies of agglomeration.