Geographically, global trade takes place around three major poles;
North America, Europe and Pacific Asia (the Japan, Korea and China triad).
Trade volumes are not necessarily correlated with trade as a share of
GDP. Some countries, like the United States, have significant trade
volumes, but this volume accounts for a relatively small share of the national
economy (about 25%). Inversely, countries having a strong export
such as the Netherlands, China and Canada, have a higher dependence on international trade.
Countries having a very high share of trade in relation to GPD (above
100%) are usually focusing on natural resources exports (ex. Middle
East, Southeast Asia, Africa), which can lead to a situation of
dependence. Landlocked countries tend to have a higher share of trade
over their GDP, which is in part reflective of their higher trade costs.