Value-added Activities Performed at Logistic Zones
The main value-added logistics
activities are part of what can be generally referred as
warehousing, which can involve a wide array of activities:
The transport activities of pickup and delivery are also part of
the added value process since they support logistical activities and
provide employment. Both flows can be terminal-related if long
distance transportation is involved (e.g. maritime, rail) or
directly related to suppliers or customers.
- Simple storage, distribution, and order picking part of the
inventory management systems of manufacturers, distributors
- Quality control (inspection) and testing of products
before being sent to customers.
- Transloading international load units into domestic load
units. This applies notably to container transportation.
- Receiving goods, breaking shipments and packing (preparing
for shipment). Can also involve packaging were goods are
broken down into retail units.
- In part related with packaging, labeling provides information
on the product for consumers such as brand and price. More advanced
activities involve the tagging of units using RFID (Radio Frequency
Identification) for distribution or retail purposes.
- Light manufacturing tasks such as assembly and customizing
to country-specific (or culture-specific) demands, which
includes adding parts
- A variety of reverse logistics activities such returning
empty packaging, the recycling of used goods back into the commodity
chain or the cleaning of containers to be reused.
- Providing specialized storage facilities, such as to support
cold chain logistics.