Photo: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, 2013. Rodrigue, J-P (2014) Reefers in
North American Cold Chain Logistics: Evidence from Western Canadian
Supply Chains, The Van Horne Institute, University of Calgary.
Grocery Section of a Large Food Distribution Center
Food distribution relies on a very stable demand that must be
satisfied in a timely fashion, particularly for the distribution of
perishable food products such as produce, diary and meat. The tendency
has been the consolidation of food distribution in large complexes
servicing extensive markets through the
cross docking paradigm (an
outbound and inbound sides of the distribution center and warehousing in
the middle). The facility on the above photo is a 1.1 million square
foot Regina warehouse owned by
Loblaw, which is comprised of several chambers:
Each of these
chambers has its own temperature range and a square footage relative to
the volume it handles. In the grocery section above, orders taken from
the racks (right side) are assembled (palletized) into truckloads in front of loading doors (left side). Each load will be
delivered to a specific grocery store in the market area serviced by the
distribution center, which encompasses most of Western Canada.
- Grocery (G) section with 285,000 square feet at room
- Produce (P) section with a total of 35,000 square feet
subdivided in a wet room (10,000 square feet at 2 degrees
Celsius mostly for lettuce), a citrus room (10,000 square feet
at 7 degrees Celsius) and a general produce room (15,000 square
feet at 13 degrees Celsius).
- Dairy and meat (D) section with a total 75,000 square
feet at 2 degrees Celsius.
- Frozen (F) section with 82,000 square feet at -10