Source: adapted from Seabury Cargo Advisory.
Preponderance of Fresh and Frozen Cargo by Transport Mode
The nature of cold chain food products that are transported varies
substantially according to the transport mode. This is a matter of
speed. For instance, about 96% of the food cold chain cargo carried by
air transport is fresh (chilled temperature; 2 degrees Celsius), while
the remaining 4% is frozen (-10 degrees Celsius). Freight forwarders are
willing to pay the premium air transport rate to insure that perishable
products are quickly available on global markets.
Since frozen products have a longer shelf life, maritime transport
assumes a much higher share of this form of cold chain transport (37% of
the cold chain cargo it handles). A lot of the fresh cargo that maritime
shipping transports concerns tropical fruits such as
bananas and pineapples.