Source: Notteboom, T. and J-P Rodrigue (2005) "Port Regionalization:
Towards a New Phase in Port Development", Maritime Policy and Management,
Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 297-313.
Starting from the initial port site with small lateral quays adjacent
to the town center (1), port expansion is the product of evolving maritime
technologies and improvements in cargo handling. This is also marked
by changing spatial relationships between the port and the urban core,
as docks are built further away from the central business district (2).
In the later stages, increased specialization of cargo handling, growing
sizes of ships, and ever increasing demands for space for cargo-handling
and storage results in port activity being concentrated at sites far
removed from the oldest facilities. In turn, original port sites, commonly
located adjacent to downtown areas, became obsolete and were abandoned
(3). Numerous reconversion opportunities of port facilities to other
uses (waterfront parks, housing and commercial developments) were created.
Three major phases identified so far in the port development process
involve setting, expansion and specialization.
The fourth phase concerns regionalization, as more extensive inland
connections are established between the port and its hinterland (4).
The setting of corridors and freight distribution centers mainly takes
- Inland waterway ports. These ports are either standard
inland maritime or barge ports that are being integrated to hinterland
services of coastal ports through shuttle services by barges or
smaller ships. This is particularly the case along the
Scheldt delta where
inland barge ports acts as feeders for delta ports such as Rotterdam
- Inland ports. This is a rather more recent concept where
a direct inland connection, particularly through rail, is established
between an inland terminal and the port. It takes advantages of
intermodal transportation and the improvements in the transshipment
efficiency of port terminals. Inland terminals tend to have available
space to provide an array of logistical services, such as consolidation
and deconsolidation, for freight shipped to congested coastal load