Source: adapted from Drewry Shipping Consultants.
Ports with the Highest Transshipment Incidence, 2008
The world's leading offshore hub is the port of Singapore, where about 85% of its 29.1 million TEU volume was transshipped in 2008. Its large volume is mainly attributable to its strategic location at the outlet of the Strait of Malacca, the world's most heavily used shipping route that transits about 30% of the world trade. Other major offshore hubs are Freeport (Bahamas), Salalah (Oman), Tanjung Pelepas (Malaysia) or Gioia Tauro (Italy), Algeciras (Spain), Malta, Taranto (Italy) and Cagliari (Italy). All of them tend to have good intermediary locations along major maritime shipping routes. Transshipment figures have to be cautiously considered since they involve a double count of containers handled, one for when the container is unloaded and another when the container is loaded.