Functions of Inland Terminals
Inland terminals serve three non-exclusive functions; as satellite terminals, load centers and transshipment terminals:
  • Satellite terminal. An intermodal facility build in proximity to the port in order to handle additional traffic, particularly with the port facility is congested (high costs). Satellite terminals are also widely used to support container transloading activities.
  • Load center. A standard intermodal terminal aiming at servicing a regional market.
  • Transshipment. In some circumstances, an inland terminal may also serve a transshipment role that is connecting different rail circulation systems. This transshipment can either take place by shunting (rail to rail) or between terminals with truck transfers.