from A. Monfort (2010) "Port evolution: must or need? Can port
authorities do it in an isolated way?", Terminal Operators Conference
Europe, Valencia, Spain, June.
Emerging Paradigm in the Role of Port Authorities within their
Conventionally, a port authority acts as a landlord, a regulator
and an operator:
With deregulation, the trend is a changing role of port
authorities within their region, which has mainly taken two
- As a landlord, a port authority manages the
port assets under its jurisdiction. This commonly concerns the
provision of infrastructures such as piers and the dredging of
waterways. This was commonly done with public funds.
- As a regulator, a port authority sets the
planning framework, namely fees, subcontracting services and safety, as well
as the enforcement of national and port related rules and
- As an operator, a port authority provides the day to day services to ships (e.g. pilotage and
towage) and to merchandises (e.g. loading / unloading and
This requires the setting of
where the port authority engage with a variety of stakehoders.
- Concessionning has reduced the role of the
port authority as an operator since this role is increasingly
assumed by specialized terminal operators that are renting
terminal facilities over long periods of time (up to 30 years).
The dominant rationale behind this process was that port
authorities tended have poor levels of performance in their
terminal operations. Many are global terminal operators having terminal assets in a
wide variety of markets.
- Cluster governance is an emerging and
extensive trend where the port authority assumes leadership in
activities that conventionally were outside its jurisdiction.
These include the setting of inland terminals and
zones (directly or in partnership), various strategies to
monitor and improve performance, setting
port community systems,
promoting environmental and social initiatives, being involved
in training and education for port related employment as well as
facilitating relations with its surrounding urban areas.