Web sites of port authorities and terminal operators.
Depth and Surface Distribution from a Sample of Container
There are technical constraints in accommodating large
containerships, mainly related to terminal depth and terminal surface.
While a terminal could have sufficient depth to handle a
large ship, it
could be lacking in sufficient terminal surface to store a large inflow
and outflow of containers (and vice versa). This underlines that
although draft is an important issue, a port could be facing acute
congestion and being unable to technically accommodate large ships if
its yard space is insufficient. For container terminals that were built
in recent years (particularly in Pacific Asia),
depth and available space considerations were of prime importance in
site selection. This is notably the case for
transshipment hubs where
the nautical profile dominates site selection, as opposed to
A sample of over 500 container terminals located in all of the world's
major markets reveals that one third of the terminals are below Panamax depth (slightly above 12 meters; 40 feet). 62.3% of the facilities have
a depth below 14 meters (45 feet), making them unable to accommodate
containerships. 37.5% of container terminals can handle Post-Panamax
containerships in the range of 8,000 TEU, but few facilities (7.8%) have a depth
meters (50 feet), which limits the service network configuration of
the largest containerships (above 14,000 TEU).
In terms of surface, 40.7% of the terminals have enough yard space
(above 40 hectares) to handle very large containerships, with two major categories standing out. The first
corresponds to terminals between 10 to 30 hectares, that relate
either to standard standalone terminals or to a single pier
concession within a larger terminal facility (e.g. Laem Chabang,
Kaohsiung). The second category corresponds to mega terminals above 100
hectares operated as single facilities by a global terminal operator
(e.g. Singapore, Tanjung Pelepas).