Source: adapted from A. Ashar (2002), Revolution now, Containerization International, January.
- Containerization itself permitted the improvement of maritime transshipments (ship to shore).
- Intermodal transportation mostly concerned the development of inland transportation made accessible to containers. In the United States, the landbridge is a relevant example of this process applied to long distance inland containerized shipments. Containers were thus able to move in and out of ports more efficiently.
- The emergence of intermediate hubs (offshore terminals) created a new hierarchy within the port system, acting as intermediate locations. Additionally, the efficiency and capacity of container cranes improved, enabling port to handle larger ships and a higher containerized throughput, particularly in the context of efficient inland distribution.
- The application of maritime logistics and the setting of global port holdings had enabled a global management of maritime containerized freight distribution. If focuses on the "door-to-door" aspect of transportation and how maritime transport contributes to the overall effectiveness of transport chains.