Source: Drewry Shipping Consultants (2011), Annual Review of Global Container Terminal Operators.
Control of Global Container Terminals
The control of the operations of container terminals is mainly assumed either by global operators, private companies that are locally focused or the public sector (mostly port authorities). The importance of port authorities in directly managing terminals is in relative decline, particularly in view of the emergence of global port holdings. This is mainly the outcome of deregulation of port management in a number of countries, which permitted the emergence of global terminal operators securing terminals through concession agreements. By 2010, global terminal operators were controlling 53% of the global container port throughput.