Coastal, Landlocked and Relatively Landlocked Markets
The concept of hinterland is impacted by geopolitical
considerations, particularly when it involves national boundaries.
In terms of access to maritime trade, this leads to three
While the coastal and landlocked characters of a country
are stable (if not permanent), the relatively landlocked status
varies according to the trade partners involved and the
development of transport infrastructure.
- Coastal. A country able to service a
significant share of its maritime trade through its own ports.
The majority of its hinterland traffic remains within its own
Landlocked. A country that does not have direct
access to ports for its maritime trade, implying that its trade
must use a port in a third country through a land connection
(road, rail, fluvial).
- Relatively landlocked. A country that sees a share of
its maritime trade transits through a third country even if it
has direct maritime access. The landlocked character is thus
relative to technical or market conditions. The main reasons
could be that there is not enough port capacity available or
facilities unable to handle a specific type of traffic, or that
traders are electing to use the facilities of a third country
because of proximity, capacity, quality or cost considerations.