Regional Share in the Terminal Portfolio of the Twelve Largest
Global Terminal Operators (Hectares, 2010)
A way to look at the transnational nature of container terminal
operators is to assess the regional orientation of each holding.
Global container terminal operators show varying degrees of
involvement in the main cargo handling markets around the world. The
above figure reveals a substantial geographical diversity of
terminal assets among two groups; the four major holdings (HPH, PSA,
DPW and APM) and the smaller terminal operators.
DP World and APM Terminals have the most diversified portfolio of
terminals in terms of geographical spread and can thus be considered
the most "global" of the global terminal operators. However, a
of regional orientation is already evident. APM
Terminals does not have a presence in Australia, while DP World has
only a very small presence in North America (CenTerm in Vancouver).
PSA has no direct presence in North America, but has Latin American
assets, as well as HPH.
The strong global character of the largest operators is in
contrast with the regional orientation of
smaller holding companies.
Stevedores tend to have a much higher regional orientation than
terminal operators controlled by shipping companies. Three
stevedores in particular, Ports America, Eurogate and Shanghai
International Port Group, are strictly regional operators. Shipping
companies such as Cosco, Hanjin and CMA-CGM are embarking into a
substantial transnational strategy, mostly by securing concessions
at smaller terminals.