(Detailed PDF Map)
International Inventory of Inland Ports and Port Centric Logistics Zones
The two dominant forms of intermodal dependent logistics zones are inland ports (or dry ports) and port centric logistics zones. The above map provides an inventory of inland ports and port centric logistics zones across the world. While every port, particularly container ports, have an array of port centric logistics activities, only a few ports have formally developed port centric logistics zones. Inland ports tend to be more complex to formally define. The substantial variations in the size of inland ports is related the governance structure their development takes. In North America, many inland ports are the outcome of a strategy involving a terminal operator and a commercial real estate developer. A intermodal terminal is constructed (or expanded) by the terminal operator while a substantial real estate base is secured and advertised as an inland port by the developer. In China, inland ports are single intermodal terminals that are often surrounded by a substantial number of logistics activities, many organized in development zones. Still, they are not part of a single project, which indicative of different (and at times conflicting) stakeholders involved such as local and regional governments. In Europe, there is a variety of structure in place ranging from single intermodal terminals servicing adjacent logistics clusters to formally planned inland ports.