Products Items / 40 Foot Container Retail Value (USD) Freight / Value (%)
  Low High Low High Low High
Clothing (low value) 90,000 130,000 225,000 520,000 0.56 1.91
Clothing (mid range) 25,000 60,000 500,000 3,600,000 0.08 0.86
Sports shoes 18,000 28,000 350,000 2,520,000 0.12 0.23
Bicycles 1,200 1,600 240,000 480,000 0.60 1.79
Toys (low quality) 20,000 60,000 60,000 720,000 0.40 7.17
Consumer electronics (small) 2,800 3,600 170,000 430,000 0.67 2.53
Consumer electronics (large) 240 480 70,000 140,000 2.07 6.14
Appliances (small) 600 1,200 45,000 100,000 2.90 9.56
Appliances (large) 100 130 30,000 65,000 4.16 14.33
Furniture (assembled) 250 600 20,000 150,000 1.93 21.50
Furniture (flat packed) 1,000 3,000 70,000 360,000 0.80 6.14
Automobile parts 600 15,000 50,000 375,000 0.77 8.60
Source: OECD (2005) DSTI/DOT/MTC(2005)5/REV1
Container Shipping Costs and Cargo Value
The cost relations between the cargo and the value of the cargo helps explain the level of globalization of an industry. For the shoe and apparel industry, container transport costs have a very low share of the cargo value (often less than 1%). Since it is at a same time a labor intensive activity, it is not surprising that it is also one of the most globalized. On the other end, appliances and furniture are more bulky with container transport costs reaching up to 20% of the cargo value. They thus tend to be manufactured closer to places of consumption. The exception is flat packed furniture (e.g. Ikea) that is more prone to be off shored because of better packing density.