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Container Traffic per Maritime Range, 1980-2010
Maritime ranges are associated with the commercial dynamics of the foreland and the hinterland. The scale and change of container traffic is illustrative of these dynamics with significant regional shifts. While container traffic by range has seen an exponential growth between 1980 and 2010, looking at absolute growth figures per decade shows a shift in the relative importance of maritime ranges. The growing share of East Asia (Yellow Sea, Central China and Southern China / Taiwan ranges), both for the total container traffic and its contribution to absolute traffic growth by decade is evident. Including Southeast Asia, these four ranges accounted for close to 60% of the global container traffic growth between 2000 and 2010. Still, the absolute growth assumed by the ranges of Southeast Asia and Southern China / Taiwan has remained stable while the growth assumed by the ranges of Central China and the Yellow Sea has increased, which underlines a shifting dynamic. Inversely, the share of the Japanese range declined, from about 10% of the total growth for the 1980 to 1990 decade to less than 2% for the 2000 to 2010 decade. A similar observation can be made for the West Coast of North America (WCNA) as well as for the East Coast of North America (ECNA) that have accounted for a lesser share of the growth.