Source: International Union of Railways.
Share Madrid-Seville before and after the Introduction of a High Speed
High speed trains can compete effectively with air transport over
average distances, as they tend to be cheaper, more comfortable but
also overall faster. Travel time to the airport, check in and check
out times must also be considered in the total amount of time for air
transport. Unlike air transport, train are less stringent on security
measures which can be perceived as less inconvenient. As airports tend
to be located at the periphery of cities a significant amount of time
must be spend to access them. Train stations tend to be located in central
areas and are therefore generally more accessible.
The Spanish cities of Madrid and Seville are 471 kilometers apart.
Prior to the introduction of a high speed train service, called AVE
(Alta Velocidad Espanola), air transport accounted for 67% of the market
share. Introduced in 1992, the speed and convenience of the new train
service was able to get a 83.6% market share, up from 33% with the regular
train service. Travel times were reduced from 6 hours to 2 hours and 15