Impacts of River / Sea Shipping on a Transport Chain
Transport chains enable to connect origins and destinations
through a sequence of modes. Some sequences can be labeled as
conventional since they use rail or road segments to service the
hinterland and intermodalism at two maritime ports (A). Where
geographical and market conditions are suitable, a fluvial link
can be used instead with shipments consolidated or broken down
at maritime ports (B). With river / sea shipping, it is
possible to bypass maritime ports and go directly from a fluvial
port to another (C). The benefits can be related in avoiding
congested roadways and seaports.
River / sea shipping has enabled the setting of a new
intermodal dynamics in the hinterland, particularly with new
inland terminals and related investment along the waterways.
Some fluvial ports are able to consolidate their role as
regional distribution centers. This is notably the case in
Western Europe (Belgium, Germany, France, Netherlands, England)
and around the Baltic Sea (Sweden, Finland) with river /sea
ships ranging from 1,000 to 3,000 dwt.