Source: adapted from Hayuth, Y. (1987) Intermodality: Concept and Practice,
Essex: Lloyds of London Press.
Driving Forces of Containerization and Intermodalism
While containerization is mostly driven by technical and
infrastructure issues, intermodalism is mainly an issue driver
by managerial and operational considerations. Since the 1980s containerization and intermodalism
have been converging,
implying that containerization was the main driver of intermodalism.
The technical improvements that containerization brought upon
transportation systems enabled new forms of management,
operations and organization that were not possible previously.
This was also related to regulatory changes that enabled
ownership across transportation modes and the merging of
transport operators. Thus, the driving forces of
containerization and intermodalism are mutually interrelated.