Source: Stopford, M. (2002) Is the Drive For Ever Bigger Containerships Irresistible?, Lloyds List Shipping Forecasting Conference
Container Transport Costs
The costs of moving a container fall into 5 major categories:
  • The ship (23%) which includes operating expenses, capital costs and bunker fuel. This share diminishes with economies of scale, implying larger containerships being in operation.
  • The containers (18%) including leasing and maintenance costs.
  • Ports and terminals (21%), including stevedoring.
  • Inland transport (25%), including trucking and rail.
  • Other costs, including container repositioning (13%).
Overall, inland transportation, including port costs, account for about 54% of all container costs.