Pendulum Services and Cabotage
Pendulum services must be specifically structured in order not to
infringe national cabotage laws (such as the Jones Act in the United
a foreign maritime company to carry freight between domestic ports.
For instance, for a pendulum service D-A-B-C-D, a maritime shipping company registered
in country 2 has the right to unload or load freight at ports A, B or
C in country 1 as long as this freight is coming from or bound to a
foreign port (port D in this case). Moving freight from port A to port
B or C would not be permitted since it would be considered as cabotage.
That same maritime shipping company would however be able to carry freight between
ports D, E and F (cabotage) since it is registered in country 2.