|Growing availability of containers||More containers available on freight markets. Ubiquitous transport product.|
|Rising demand and commodity prices||More commodities in circulation
(usage of containerization to accommodate growth).
New producers and consumers (marginal markets penetration).
|Volatility and rises in bulk shipping rates||Decrease in the ratio cargo value
per ton shipping rate for commodities.
Volatility (rates) and risk (hedging).
Search for options to bulk shipping.
|Low container shipping rates||Increase in the cargo value
per TEU shipping.
Relative rate stability.
|Imbalances in container shipping rates||Export subsidy for return cargo.|
|Empty containers repositioning||Pools of containers available for backhauls.|
|Processing||Processing close to production favors a shift from bulk to containerized shipping.|