Field Outcome
Travel time Lower time and higher reliability
Trip planning Easier to book and monitor
Environment Less environmental impacts and noise
Energy Lower energy consumption pet unit carried
Assets Higher level of utilization of modes and infrastructure
Safety Reduced number of accidents, fatalities and injuries
Accessibility Improved accessibility; reduced friction of distance
Cross-border Improved throughput and security
Infrastructure Longer life cycle, improved maintenance and reliability
Materials New and recycled materials
Intermodal Improved connections between modes
Source: adapted from International Transport Forum (2009) Stakeholder Consultation on Transport & Innovation, Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development.
General Impacts of Transport Innovations