Source: Rioux, J-P (1989) La révolution industrielle 1780-1880, Paris: Éditions du Seuil, p. 197.
Share of the Population in Agriculture, Early Industrial Countries,
Urbanization began to occur at a larger scale during the later part
of the industrial revolution (1850-1925), mainly through a migration from the countryside
to cities. By 1870, about half of the population of the first main industrial
nations was no longer in the agricultural sector. England had reached
this stage since 1820. By 1910, 94% of the English population lived
in cities. This spurred a large demand for urban transportation and
the development of the first transit systems.