Circum-Equatorial Maritime Route
The shortest path to circum-navigate the world is the so-called circum-equatorial route using the Panama Canal, the Strait of Gibraltar, the Suez Canal and the Strait of Malacca. Two of these shortcuts are manmade, implying that prior to their construction significant additional detours were imposed through the Cape of Good Hope (southern Africa) and the Strait of Magellan (southern America). In the age of globalization, this simple pattern remains a fundamental element shaping global maritime routes that are mostly composed of longitudinal and latitudinal connectors.