|Original Canal (1914-)||Expanded Canal (2016-)|
|Ship standard||Panamax||New Panamax (Neo Panamax)|
|Beam||32 m (106 feet)||49 m (160 feet)|
|Length||294 m (965 feet)||366 m (1,200 feet)|
|Draft||12.2 m (40 feet)||15.2 m (50 feet)|
|Vessel Capacity||4,500 TEU||12,500 TEU|
|Bulk Carrier Capacity||52,000 DWT||119,000 DWT|
|Locks||Miter gates (lock access guidance by electric
Three lock systems: Gatun Locks (3 stages; 85 feet) Pedro Miguel Lock (1 stage; 31 feet) Miraflores Locks (2 stages; 54 feet)
|Rolling gates (lock access guidance by tug boats)
Two lock systems: Atlantic Locks (3 stages) Pacific Locks (3 stages)
|Construction Cost||$387 million||$5.4 billion ($5.25 billion initially budgeted)|
|Annual Capacity (# of ships)||13,500 - 14,000||16,000|
- New locks. Two complete new lock systems were built in parallel to the existing locks. They employ the rolling gates principle and use side basins to minimize water consumption. The gates are a dual system, implying that two independent gates are servicing the entrance / exit of each lock. This improves the reliability and the maintenance of the lock system since it is possible to maintain operations while one gate is being serviced. The expanded Panama Canal includes the operation of both the old and new lock systems.
- Deepening of canal entrances. Both the Atlantic and Pacific access to the canal were dredged to accommodate larger vessel drafts.
- Deepening of the Culebra (Gaillard) Cut. The continental divide cut and the navigation channels between the Pacific Locks and Gatun Lake were expanded so that they can accommodate deeper drafts and vessels circulating in both directions.
- Gatun Lake expansion. Deepening of the Gatun Lake navigation channel as well as raising the water level of the lake from 26.7 meters above sea level to 27.1 meters. This increased the water supply available to the lock systems.