Information Administration, World Oil Transit Chokepoints.
Alternatives to the Strait of Hormuz, 2013
The Strait of Hormuz is of strategic importance to the
trade, particularly because there are limited alternatives.
Two pipelines running across Saudi Arabia are available, but one
is running at capacity in the other could only accommodate an
additional 2 Mbd. In comparison, the Strait of Hormuz transited
17 Mbd of crude oil. Another pipeline across the United Arab
Emirates can handle a bit lower than 2 Mbd. The Sumed pipeline,
which roughly runs parallel to the Suez Canal is also indirectly
an outlet of the Persian Gulf but would be dependent on the
capacity to ship Middle Eastern oil (mainly Saudi) to the Red
Sea. There is also the possibility to use trucks to carry oil
around the Strait of Hormuz, but such capacity is limited and
would make little difference.