A Geologic Photo Tour of Iceland

Click on a section of the map to find out more about that region.

Iceland, a large island (103,000 km2) in the North Atlantic, was created by an active hotspot overlying a powerful mantle plume. Today Iceland forms a part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and is the largest island in the world associated with oceanic ridges.
General Facts:
  • population: 267,000 (1996)
  • pop. density: 2.5 persons per km2 (6.5 per sq mile)
  • language: Icelandic
  • capital: Reykjavik
  • highest mountain: Hvannadalshnukur, 2119 m
  • largest ice cap: Vatnajokull, 8400 km2


Created by Alana Brannon

Department of Geology

Website based on a GSA GeoVentures trip to Iceland in August 2002