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Chapter 9 - Transport Planning and Policy
Since transportation is such an important component of contemporary
society, capable of producing significant benefits, yet giving rise
to many negative externalities, appropriate policies need to be devised
to maximize the benefits and minimize the inconveniences. At the same
time the allocation, design and construction of transport infrastructure
and services must be subject to careful planning, both by public and
private agencies. A distinction must be drawn between policy
and planning, since the former usually relates the strategies and
goals while the latter refers to concrete actions. Because they both have to reflect the fundamental changes
in society and contemporary issues and problems, policies and planning
are constantly changing. For instance, the changing orientation of
public policy led to deregulation in many transport sectors. Among the
core policy issues, transport safety and security have come at the
forefront. Natural and man-made disasters are also serious challenges
for transport planning.
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