Source: adapted from H. Carter (1995) Urban Geography, Fourth Edition, London: Arnold
- Work. Commutes performed towards the workplace or from the workplace to a business destination. This motive represents approximately a quarter of daily commutes.
- Shopping. Commutes towards any store regardless of its size, merchandise, or whether or not any purchases are made. These commutes represent approximately 13% of all daily travel.
- Leisure. Commutes performed with the intention of recreation, to accomplish a social or cultural activity or to simply visit friends. Similarly to shopping, these represent approx. 13% of daily commutes.
- Studies. Commutes towards a learning establishment by those seeking any type of training, regardless of the level of learning. These commutes represent 3.5% of the daily travel total.
- Other. Included in this category are all commutes such as medical visits, church attendance and all others not fitting in any of the above categories of service.
- Home. The accumulated total of commutes which terminate at home. These commutes represent almost half of the daily trips because practically every commute involves a round trip back home. This is referred to as the symmetry assumption; any trip from home is usually accompanied by a corresponding return trip at the end of the day or given activity.