The Geography of Transport Systems
THIRD EDITION
Jean-Paul Rodrigue (2013), New York: Routledge, 416 pages.
ISBN 978-0-415-82254-1
Chapter 6 - Urban Transportation
Urbanization has been one of the dominant contemporary processes as a growing share of the global population lives in cities. Considering this trend, urban transportation issues are of foremost importance to support the passengers and freight mobility requirements of large urban agglomerations. Transportation in urban areas is highly complex because of the modes involved, the multitude of origins and destinations, and the amount and variety of traffic. Traditionally, the focus of urban transportation has been on passengers as cities were viewed as locations of utmost human interactions with intricate traffic patterns linked to commuting, commercial transactions and leisure/cultural activities. However, cities are also locations of production, consumption and distribution, activities linked to movements of freight. Conceptually, the urban transport system is intricately linked with urban form and spatial structure. Urban transit is an important dimension of mobility, notably in high density areas.
Concepts
Applications
Bibliography
  • ADEME (2010) Logistique urbaine: agir ensemble, Agence de l'Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l'Energie, Document 6849, 104 p.
  • Barry, M. (1991) Through the Cities: The Revolution in Light Rail Transit. Frankfort Press: Dublin.
  • Batty, M. and Y. Xie (1994) "From Cells to Cities" Environment and Planning B, 21: pp. 531-548.
  • Behrens, S., M. Lindholm and J. Woxenius (2008) "The Impact of Urban Freight Transport: A Definition of Sustainability from an Actor’s Perspective", Transportation Planning and Technology, Vol. 31, No. 6, pp. 693-713. 
  • Boudoin, D. (2011) "Les Espaces Logistiques Urbains (ELU) : une réponse aux problèmes de circulation des marchandises en ville", Rail Ville & Transport, N°515, pp. 87-91.
  • Browne, M., J. Allen, A. Woodburn and M. Piotrowska (2007) Urban Freight Transport - Literature Review, Transport Studies Group, University of Westminster.
  • Camagni, R., M.C. Gibelli and P. Rigamonti (2002) "Urban Mobility and Urban Form: the Social and Environmental Costs of Different Patterns of Urban Expansion", Ecological Economics, Vol. 40 , pp. 199–216.
  • Carter, H. (1995) The Study of Urban Geography, Fourth Edition, London: Arnold.
  • Cervero, R. (1998) The Transit Metropolis: A Global Inquiry, Washington D.C.: Island Press.
  • Crawford, J.H. (2005) A Brief History of Urban Form: Street Layout Through the Ages.
  • Dablanc, L. (2009) Freight Transport, A Key for the New Urban Economy. World Bank, Freight Transport for Development: a Policy Toolkit, July, 52p.
  • Dimitriou, H. (1993) Urban Transport Planning, New York: Routledge.
  • Docherty, I., G. Giuliano and D. Houston (2008) Connected Cities, in R.D. Knowles, J. Shaw and I. Docherty (eds) Transport Geographies: Mobilities, Flows and Spaces, London: Blackwell, pp. 83-101.
  • Ewing, R. (1993) "Transportation Service Standards - As If People Matter", Transportation Research Record 1400, pp. 10-17.
  • Gottmann, J. (1961) Megalopolis: The Urbanized Northeast Seaboard of the United States, New York: Twentieth Century Fund.
  • Giuliano, G., T. O'Brien, L. Dablanc and K. Holliday (2013) NCFRP Project 36(05) Synthesis of Freight Research in Urban Transportation Planning, Washington D.C.: National Cooperative Freight Research Program.
  • Gonzalez-Feliu, J., F. Semet and J-L Routhier (eds) (2014) Sustainable Urban Logistics: Concepts, Methods and Information Systems, Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Gwilliam, K. (ed) (2001) Cities on the Move: A World Bank Urban Transport Strategy Review, Strategy Paper, Washington, DC: World Bank.
  • Hanson, S. and G. Giuliano (eds) (2004) The Geography of Urban Transportation, Third Edition, New York: The Guilford Press.
  • Harvey, J. (1996) Urban Land Economics, Houndsmills: Macmillan.
  • Hesse, M. (1995) "Urban Space and Logistics: On the Road to Sustainability?", World Transport Policy & Practice, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 39-45.
  • Isard, W. (1956) Location and Space-Economy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Jones, G.M. and M. Douglass (2008) "Mega-urban Regions in Pacific Asia: Urban Dynamics in a Global Era",  Singapore: NUS Press.
  • Kaplan, D., J. Wheeler and S. Holloway (2009) Urban Geography, Second Edition, New York: Wiley.
  • Kauffman, R.J. (2001) Paving the Planet: Cars and Crops Competing For Land, Alert, Worldwatch Institute.
  • Kenworthy J., F. Laube, P. Newman, P. Barter, T. Raad, C. Poboon and B. Guia (1999) An International Sourcebook of Automobile Dependence in Cities, 1960‐ 1990, Boulder: University Press of Colorado.
  • Litman, T. (2010) Evaluating Transportation Land Use Impacts, Victoria Transport Policy Institute, http://www.vtpi.org/landuse.pdf
  • Marchetti, C. (1994) "Anthropological Invariants in Travel Behaviour", Technical Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 47 No. 1, pp. 75– 78.
  • Meyer, M.D. and E.J. Miller (2000) Urban Transportation Planning: A Decision-Oriented Approach, New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Mokhtarian, P. L. (2009) "If Telecommunication is Such a Good Substitute for Travel, Why Does Congestion Continue to Get Worse?", Transportation Letters, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-17.
  • Moore, T. and P. Thorsnes (2007) The Transportation / Land Use Connection, Washington, D.C.: American Planning Association. Report # 448/449.
  • Muller, P.O. (2004) "Transportation and Urban Form: Stages in the Spatial Evolution of the American Metropolis", in S. Hanson and G. Giuliano (eds) The Geography of Urban Transportation, 3rd Edition, New York: Guilford, pp. 59-84.
  • Newman, P. and J. Kenworthy (1996) "The Land Use - Transport Connection: An Overview". Land Use Policy, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 1-22.
  • Newman, P. and J. Kenworthy (1999) Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence, Washington, DC: Island Press.
  • Newman, P. and J. Kenworthy (2011) "'Peak Car Use': Understanding the Demise of Automobile Dependence", World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 31-42.
  • O'Sullivan, S., and Morrall, J. (1996) "Walking Distance to and From Light Rail Transit Stations", Transportation Research Record, No. 1538, pp. 19-26.
  • O'Toole, R. (2009) Gridlock: Why we are stuck in traffic and what to do about it. Washington, DC: The Cato Institute.
  • Rietveld, P. (2000) "Nonmotorized Modes in Transport Systems: A Multimodal Chain Perspective for The Netherlands", Transportation Research D, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 31-36.
  • Rodrigue, J-P (2013) "Urban Goods Transport", in "Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility: Global Report on Human Settlements 2013", United Nations Human Settlements Programme, London: Earthscan.
  • Scott, A.J. (ed) (2001) Global City Regions. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
  • Schafer, A. (2000) Regularities in Travel Demand: An International Perspective, Journal of Transport Statistics, Vol. 3, No. 3.
  • Stutz, R. and A. de Souza (1998) The World Economy: Resources, Location, Trade and Development, Third Edition, Toronto: Prentice Hall.
  • Tellier, L.-N. (2009) Urban World History: An Economic and Geographical Perspective, Quebec: Presses du l'Universite du Quebec.
  • Texas Transportation Institute (2010) The 2010 Annual Mobility Report, College Station, Texas. http://mobility.tamu.edu/
  • Thomson, J. M. (1977) Great Cities and Their Traffic. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd.
  • UN-HABITAT (2009) Planning Sustainable Cities, Global Report on Human Settlements 2009, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, London: Earthscan.
  • Victoria Transport Policy Institute (2010) Automobile Dependency, Transport Demand Management Encyclopedia, http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm100.htm.
  • Whiteing, T., M. Browne and J. Allen (2003) "City logistics: the continuing search for sustainable solutions", in D. Waters (ed) Global Logistics and Distribution Planning, London: Kogan Page, pp. 308-320.
  • World Bank (2002) Cities on the Move: A World Bank Urban Transport Strategy Review. Washington: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank.