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Chapter 6 - Urban Transportation
Urbanization has been one of the dominant contemporary processes as
a growing share of the global population lives in cities. Considering
this trend, urban transportation issues are of foremost importance to
support the passengers and freight mobility requirements of large urban
agglomerations. Transportation in urban areas is highly complex because
of the modes involved, the multitude of origins and destinations, and
the amount and variety of traffic. Traditionally, the focus of urban
transportation has been on passengers as cities were viewed as locations
of utmost human interactions with intricate traffic patterns linked to
commuting, commercial transactions and leisure/cultural activities.
However, cities are also locations of production, consumption and
distribution, activities linked to movements of freight. Conceptually,
the urban transport system is intricately linked with urban form and
spatial structure. Urban transit is an important dimension of mobility,
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