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Chapter 4 - Transportation Terminals
All spatial flows, with the exception of personal vehicular and
pedestrian trips, involve movements between terminals. Transport modes require assembly and distribution of
their traffic, both passenger and freight. For example, passengers have
to go to bus terminals and airports first in order to reach their final
destinations, and freight has to be consolidated at a port or a rail
yard before onward shipment. Terminals are, therefore, essential links
in transportation chains with many representing substantial
infrastructure and capital investments. The goal of this chapter is to
examine the spatial and functional characteristics of transport
terminals. They occupy specific locations and they exert a strong
influence over their surroundings. At the same time, they perform
specific economic functions and serve as clusters of specialized
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